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The Buddha denies the existence of any permanent entity either physical or mental. We call this theory about self as Anatmavada.

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Gautama Buddha

Other names Buddha
Siddhattha Gotama
Siddhārtha Gautama Buddha
Sakamuni
Tathāgata
Born 563 BCE Lumbini, Nepal
Died  483 BCE
Tradition Buddhism
Image source: Wikipedia
Gautama Buddha is the primary figure in Buddhism, and accounts of his life, discourses, and monastic rules are believed by Buddhists to have been summarized after his death and memorized by his followers.Stories say that Siddhārtha Gautama was born in Nepal in the kingdom of Kapilavastu. His father was a king named Suddodana Gautama, and his mother was Mahamaya.The young Siddhārtha lived in luxury; his father kept trouble and hard work far from him. He left the palace and searched for spiritual guidance.

 

He practiced practiced self-denial and made himself suffer the same as the other holy men called Jains. He became just skin and bones, and he nearly died. Still, he had no answer. Siddhārtha started to think again about this path.

 

He thought there might be a better way than hurting himself. He found a big tree (now called the Bodhi tree) and started to meditate. He told himself that he would not get up until he had found enlightenment. Siddhārtha meditated under the tree for 49 days. His mind is said to have become pure, and then, six years after he began his path, he said he found Enlightenment, and became a Buddha.

 

When the Gautama Buddha became enlightened, he knew the answer to suffering, and he knew how to defeat suffering. This answer was called the Four Noble Truths.When Gautama Buddha taught, Buddha never pretend to be a god. He said he was just a man who had found the meaning of life (enlightenment), and that any person can also find the meaning of life. For the rest of his life, Buddha walked all over Southern Nepal and parts of India to teach people what he believed. Buddha started a Sangha, which is a group of Buddhist monks and nuns.

 

Teachings
Portions of the Pali Canon and the Āgamas contain the actual substance of the historical teachings (and possibly even the words) of the Buddha. This teachings are known as Dhammapada, Pali Canon with Vinaya Pitaka, Sutta Pitaka and Abhidhamma Pitaka.

Famous Quote:
Do not believe in anything simply because you have heard it.
Do not believe in anything simply because it is spoken and rumored by many.
Do not believe in anything simply because it is found written in your religious books.
Do not believe in anything merely on the authority of your teachers and elders.
Do not believe in traditions because they have been handed down for many generations.But after observation and analysis,
when you find that anything agrees with reason
and is conducive to the good and benefit of one and all,
then accept it and live up to it.
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